GMO and the FDA

FDA genetically contaminated Monsanto GMO

From the website of Beth H. Harrison, PhD and author of Shedding Light on Genetically Engineered Food:

In its 1992 Statement of Food Policy, the FDA asserted:

“Ultimately, it is the food producer who is responsible for assuring safety.”

But wait! According to biotech-giant Monsanto’s former director of corporate communications,

“Monsanto should not have to vouchsafe the safety of biotech food. Our interest is in selling as much of it as possible. Assuring its safety is the FDA’s job.”

So, if neither the U.S. government nor the U.S. food producers are responsible for the safety of genetically modified food, who is?

“The FDA has placed the interest of a handful of biotechnology companies ahead of their responsibility to protect public health. By failing to require testing and labeling of genetically engineered foods, the agency has made consumers unknowing guinea pigs for potentially harmful, unregulated food substances.”
– Andrew Kimbrell, executive director of Center for Food Safety

Sure enough, in April 2011, the FDA moved to allow Monsanto to perform their own environmental impact study on the very GMOs it has been responsible for developing.

In that same month, the leading scientific journal Science Direct published a study showing a significant conflict of interest in so-called “research” done on the health risks and nutritional assessment of genetically modified products. Speaking of conflict of interest…

•  Michael Taylor, former Monsanto Vice President, is the FDA Deputy Commissioner for Foods.
•  Roger Beachy, former director of the Monsanto-funded Danforth Plant Science Center, is the director of the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
•  Islam Siddiqui, Vice President of the Monsanto and Dupont-funded pesticide-promoting lobbying group, CropLife, is the Agriculture Negotiator for the US Trade Representative.
•  Rajiv Shah, former agricultural-development director for the pro-biotech Gates Foundation (a Monsanto partner and stockholder), served as Obama’s USDA Under-Secretary for Research Education and Economics and is currently the head of USAID.
•  Elena Kagan, who took Monsanto’s side against organic farmers in the Roundup Ready alfalfa case, is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
•  Ramona Romero, former corporate counsel to DuPont, is the General Legal Counsel of the United States Department of Agriculture.

Says Ms. Shen on, “The prevalence of Monsanto’s directors in these highly influential positions begs a closer look at how they’re able to push the pro-GE agenda within the government and influence public opinion.”

Monsanto US Government

The Institute of Responsible Technology summarizes the situation in the following FAQs from their “GMO Basics” page:

Q. Hasn’t the FDA said that GM foods are safe?

The biotech industry claims that the FDA has thoroughly evaluated GM foods and found them safe. This is untrue. The FDA does not require safety studies. Instead, if the makers of the GM foods claim that they are safe, the agency has no further questions.

Q. Didn’t the scientists at the FDA study GM foods themselves?

No. The FDA relies solely on information supplied by the biotech companies.

Q. What kind of information did the companies provide?

Calgene, the makers of the first GM crop, the FlavrSavr tomato, was the only company to submit detailed raw data from animal feeding studies to the FDA. The rest provide only summaries and conclusions. Industry research can be rigged; data often is omitted or distorted.

In the FlavrSavr tests, lab rats refused to eat the tomatoes and had to be force-fed. Several developed stomach lesions, and seven of forty died within two weeks. Still, the tomato was approved, but has since been taken off the market.

Q. What about studies done by third party scientists?

Third party science is difficult to conduct, given that Monsanto’s intellectual property patents make it nearly impossible to obtain seeds for research. Studies that do manage to get completed and published are attacked through paid media relationships, retracted from Science Journals (coincidentally by former Monsanto employees serving as the journal’s editors, who have since been dismissed), or handled in other strategic ways by Monsanto’s own internal department that exists solely to discredit third party science that doesn’t agree with their findings.

Q. Based on the information that was supplied, did the FDA scientists have concerns?

Agency scientists and even independent scientists did warn that GM foods might create toxins, allergies, nutritional problems, and new diseases that might be difficult to identify. Internal FDA memos reveal that the scientists urged their superiors to require long-term safety testing to catch these hard-to-detect side effects.

Q. What did the FDA do about these concerns?

Nothing was done that would protect consumers. In fact, in the case of genetically modified bovine growth hormone, some FDA scientists who expressed concerns were harassed, stripped of responsibilities, or fired. The remaining whistleblowers had to write an anonymous letter to Congress complaining of fraud and conflict of interest at the agency

Q. How could the government approve dangerous foods?

A close examination reveals that industry manipulation and political collusion – not sound science – was the driving force. The FDA official in charge ignored all warnings of the FDA staff scientists.

Coincidentally, this same official, a former outside attorney for Monsanto, was a political appointee to a new FDA post on GM policy, and left shortly after to become vice president at Monsanto.

Q. Why aren’t foods with GMOs at least labeled here?

The same political influence and money that got them past the FDA has prevented any labeling laws from being passed. Although President Obama indicated support for labeling laws during his campaign, he has made no effort to approach the topic, meanwhile allowing a whole host of genetically engineered crops to come to market including RoundUp resistant Alfalfa (the fourth most widely grown crop in the US, inherent in livestock feed for industrial and sustainable farming alike), Kentucky Bluegrass, and sugar beets.

Q. So do the biotech companies always get everything they want?

Up until recently the biotech companies have fallen far short of their goals due to consumer resistance. The GM potatoes and tomatoes were taken off the market, and other GM crops, although approved, were never commercialized.

Concerned consumers in Europe were able to get major companies to commit to eliminate GMOs within one week. This was done with only a small percentage of the overall population. Businesses do not want to lose even a portion of their customer base. Everyone can vote with his or her pocketbook!

As early as 1998, the biotech industry tried to get the USDA to let GM products pass as organic. During the public comment period, the Department received over 275,000 irate letters of protest from citizens, a public response unprecedented in the USDA’s history. Thanks to this public protest, GM products cannot be labeled organic in the USA.

fda Monsanto
Here’s another graphic that helps explain how the biotech industry manages to get what they want… (click to enlarge)

A New Loophole…

Up until now, what little “regulation” that existed was based on the fact that genetic engineering used a bacteria or virus to artificially insert the genetic code for RoundUp into a plant. The FDA’s ability to control (albeit minimally) was tied to the use of a virus or bacteria.

But science recently found a sobering loophole: genetic modifications can now be inserted into the plant’s DNA using metal particles. Without the bacteria or virus present, the FDA has lost what little ground it had to regulate the process.

The result? Kentucky Bluegrass is inherently a naturally invasive grass. Once it became genetically engineered to withstand RoundUp, it’s become even more resistant to control, and its parent company, Scotts Miracle-Gro, has become equally resistant to control under current regulatory standards. No surprise, Monsanto has a similar regulation-free process for genetically modified soybeans waiting in the wings…

Read the related articles on The Scientist, and also on Nature.

©, 2011. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to with appropriate and specific links back to the original content.

10 thoughts on “GMO and the FDA

  1. The U.S. government is the DEVIL! There is no other way you can describe our government who purposely sets out to kill it’s own citizens. You can’t make this stuff up!!! Who are we to call Iran and N. Korea the Axis of Evil? If they are the Axis of Evil then we are emissaries of Apollyon the destroyer!

    • Who is the government? They are not a separate entity, they are the people. Society should be more involved in civics if they seek change, its all politics at the end of the day. Change can be influenced even without financial backing.

      • The US Government is definitely a separate entity. The people think they have power, but they don’t. US Gov is big business. It’s all about money and greed. You can’t vote your way out of a corrupt system, the system has to be changed.

    • Channel your anger to be one with other Americans and Canadians and any country who is sucked in to growing GMO foods unlabeled. Learn about Monsanto’s desperate aggressive counter lawsuits at this time. By supporting those who are targeting Monsanto, and you do good with all of us. Monsanto shares are down, lawsuits against Roundup are growing and best of all Big FOOD companies are also losing market share in the BILLIONS ( 2014 – 4 billion loss to organics). This is why targeting large food companies is working against Monsanto’s wishes. This fight is people vs corporations.
      Furthermore, you blame your government. Look to what happened when the supreme court voted for CORPORATIONS to have the power of the vote ( 2010, 2 years into Obama’s time. Look to what and who voted for this, It was not the Democrats. It was put forth by Bossie (Citizens United) with help from the Koch brothers support, yes the FAR RIGHT!. Pay attention to what is happening now in the supreme court as Scalia, the far right judge was the deciding vote.
      In other words, read and learn, and you will see the bigger picture. By the way, I want Monsanto to bow down to people. It is a corporation that is over a century old and responsible for terrible chemicals in the past. (agent orange, pcbs and more). I am a Canadian who wanted to get to the bottom of this agricultural takeover by Monsanto. Consider my voice as seeing from the outside why our world is in this mess.

    • I Agree the fda ,cdc, government and the manufacturers know of the dangers and the risks GMO but are ignoring and misleading the public what they are during is criminal how can we get the message out.

  2. “The FDA has placed the interest of a handful of biotechnology companies ahead of their responsibility to protect public health. By failing to require testing and labeling of genetically engineered foods, the agency has made consumers unknowing guinea pigs for potentially harmful, unregulated food substances.”
    – Andrew Kimbrell, executive director of Center for Food Safety

  3. We need to gather ALL companies, organizations, foundations, and unions to form a coalition for and of public interests against GMO’s. This is our right as stated in the first amendment to form coalitions and petition the government as well as We The People shall be the governing people. We have allowed the government to do us wrong along with all other peoples since this nations foundation. Native Americans, Africans, Asians, and now US. We have a right to go to a grocery store when buying food and get just that, instead we get an experimental concoction of chemicals called food but not so. I understand, slightly, the need for fertilizers, how about egg shells and etc. companies discard, the need for insecticides, natural oils/ cross-farming/ logical possibilities in today’s technological time, etc. etc. etc. Just research natural oils and how they can help with not only the environment, the only thing supporting our asses, but our health as well as their diverse functions in gardening and commercial farming. Look around we are using chemicals, eating chemicals, TO PROFIT CORPORATE GIANTS AND THE LARGEST HEALTHCARE SYSTEM IN THE WORLD, and in need of change because this system is a failure with auto-immune disorders on the rise along with cancers, autism/ASPARTAME.. Can’t we make change?

  4. And to any government officials. You could still benefit a moralistic economy. We are the soldiers, preservers, the people of this nation. With healthy people would result a healthy nation since we are its make-up. Other nations who focus on education, health, technology, and a proper governing system will persevere, for this nation isn’t focused on progressing, but insanity. And nations across the world reject and destroy GMO’s, focus on education, focus on technology, basically they’re investing in their building blocks, their bearers, their soldiers, and they will persevere. For instance, China or India, home to an educational system that ours is left dwindled when in comparison, and if that energy is focused in the right direction such nations could achieve amazing power.
    idk we need to hit the drawing boards..

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